The Ends of Development in Islam: Seven Overlapping Concepts
September 25th, 2018
By Junaid Qadir & Asad Zaman
The purpose of the article is to articulate Islamic developmental ideals and to outline the various ends of Islamic development. We provide a list of seven overlapping concepts that together define the Islamic ideal of human development. In contrast to the purely materialistic conceptions of human development in modern economics, Islamic human development ideals entail the seven overlapping concepts of (1) Purification (Tazkiyah); (2) Freedom (`Uboodiyah); (3) God-consciousness (Taqwa); (4) Excellence and Beauty (Ihsān); (5) Felicity or Happiness (Sa`ādah); (6) High Morals (Akhlaq); and (7) Civilization (`Umrān).